Workers comp low back pain surgery may be a lumbar fusion. Do I need low back fusion surgery? It's a question workers compensation employees, whether an iron worker, boilermaker, construction laborer or factory machinist with work-related low back pain often ask. A lumbar fusion may be recommended following a single lifting accident at work, or from physical job duties over time. Work-related lumbar fusion surgery is a last resort of treatment in most cases. Some examples of workers compensation lumber fusion surgery.